As you may know there are various reasons why we struggle with dark splotches on our skin, but most are caused by hyperpigmentation – which simply means your skin overproduces melanin, the skin pigment that causes skin colour and tanning. Here are some of the reasons why your skin is in melanin overdrive. Sun damage Hormonal imbalances and pregnancy Genetic skin colouring Injuries and inflammation Side effects of certain medicines So what can you can do. Effective treatment for hyperpigmentation is quite difficult to achieve, so you will need loads of patience. The most important step is to avoid sun exposure, wear a hat outside and apply a sunscreen daily. In addition, skin that is already stained with melanin should be gently exfoliated. (We do not recommend aggressive peels – these are often overkill and the trauma can actually cause more pigmentation due to inflammation – remember, patience ☺ ) Suitable SKOON products: WOW-WOW WONDER 3 Hyaluron + C serum Why? WOW-WOW contains a Vitamin C called Sodium Ascorbyl Phosphate (SAP) that is effective to lighten dark spots as well as Salicylic Acid, a phenolic aromatic acid that promotes gentle cell turnover. The trick is to be gentle and careful. Quick answers to questions often asked. Microdermabasion, yes or no? Unfortunately, a no. Although, microdermabrasion can remove hyper-pigmented surface cells in some cases the reverse is true and it will stimulate hyperpigmentation. I am not seeing results with gentle and careful, what now? We suggest you make an appointment with a dermatologist. Ask around for one that comes highly recommended – we believe 100% in the “friend referral”, they are in our experience the best.